Signs of Mental Illness / Disorders
Mood and Mood Disorders.
Anxiety and Anxiety Disorders.
Mood and Mood Disorders
Signs of Depression
Depressed or irritable mood most of the day—nearly every day.
Loss of interest or pleasure in activities ( such as hobbies, work, sex, or being with friends ) most of the day—nearly every day.
A sudden change in weight or appetite.
Inability to sleep or sleeping too much.
Agitation or restlessness ( observed by others. )
Constant fatigue or loss of energy.
Frequent feelings of worthlessness or guilt.
Difficulty concentrating or making decisions.
Frequent thoughts of death or suicide.
Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" mood.
Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism.
Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness.
Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed, including sex.
Decreased energy, fatigue, being "slowed down".
Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions.
Insomnia, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping.
Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain.
Thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts.
Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain.
- Abnormal or excessive elation
- Unusual irritability
- Decreased need for sleep
- Grandiose notions
- Increased talking
- Racing thoughts
- Increased sexual desire
- Markedly increased energy
- Poor judgment
- Inappropriate social behavior
Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge.
Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank.
Difficulty falling or staying asleep, or restless unsatisfying sleep.
- Endless checking or rechecking actions.
- A constant and unrealistic worry about everyday occurrences and activities.
- Fear and anxiety that appear for no apparent reason.
Anxiety disorder types:
- Panic Disorder: a sudden, uncontrollable attack of terror that can manifest itself with heart palpitations, dizziness, shortness of breath, and an out-of-control or terribly frightening feeling;
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder: excessive anxiety and worry that last for at least six months accompanied by other physical and behavioral problems;
- Social Phobia: a persistent fear of one or more situations in which the person is exposed to possible scrutiny of others;
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: repeated, intrusive and unwanted thoughts that cause anxiety, often accompanied by ritualized behavior that relieve this anxiety;
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: caused when someone experiences a severely distressing or traumatic event. Recurring nightmares and/or flashbacks and unprovoked anger are common symptoms.
- Excessive fatigue and sleepiness or an inability to sleep.
- Social withdrawal and isolation.
- Deterioration of social relationships.
- Inability to concentrate or cope with minor problems.
- Apparent indifference, even in highly important situations.
- Dropping out of activities.
- Decline in academic and athletic performance.
- Deterioration of personal hygiene; eccentric dress.
- Frequent moves or trips or long walks leading nowhere.
- Drug or alcohol abuse.
- Undue preoccupation with spiritual or religious matters.
- Bizarre behavior.
- Inappropriate laughter.
- Strange posturing.
- Low tolerance to irritation.
- Excessive writing without apparent meaning.
- Inability to express emotion.
- Irrational statements.
- Peculiar use of words or language structure.
- Conversation that seems deep but is not logical or coherent
- Staring; vagueness.
- Unusual sensitivity to stimuli ( noise, light. )
Signs of Schizophrenia in Childhood
- Deficits in working (short-term) and verbal memory.
- Impairments in gross motor skills (the child's ability to control different parts of the body).
- Attention deficits.
- Mixed-handedness (the use of different hands for different tasks), particularly in females.
- Eye tracking dysfunction. This genetic trait is strongly associated with schizophrenia and may reflect abnormalities in the frontal regions of the brain. (Some experts believe that this is such a powerful marker in patients with close relatives with schizophrenia that it can be used as a predictor. This trait can only be detected by a health professional using special equipment.)
- Hallucinations or delusions. (This does not include normal childhood fantasies and stories, in which the child is aware that they are inventions.)
- A decline in verbal memory, IQ, and other mental functions.