Specific Phobia ( formerly Simple Phobia ) is a fear, without apparent justification of a specific place, thing, or situation. ( E.g., fear of blood, fear of crowds, fear of dogs, fear of enclosed places, fear of heights, fear of mice / rats, fear of snakes ) Multiple specific phobias can be common.
ONSET: Varies with type.
NOT DUE TO A SUBSTANCE, GENERAL MEDICAL CONDITION, OR OTHER DISORDER.
Excessive or unreasonable fear of a place, thing, or situation(s).
Recognize this fear is excessive or unreasonable, children may not recognize this.
Exposure to this phobic stimulus ( place, thing, or situation(s) ) can lead to embarrassment and a anxiety response in the form of a situationally bound or a situationally predisposed Panic Attack. In children the anxiety may be expressed it the form of crying, tantrums, freezing up, or clinging.
The phobic situation(s) may be avoid or endured with intense distress and interferes significantly with a persons normal daily routine. ( E.g., school, work, social activities, relationships )
If under 18 symptoms present of at least 6 months.
Situational Type: Fear of specific situation. ( E.g., riding public transportation, riding in a car, driving, airplanes, tunnels, bridges )
Natural Environment Type: Fear of natural environment things. ( E.g., storms, heights, or water )
Animal Type: Fear of animals or insects.
Blood-Injection-Injury Type: Fear of seeing blood or invasive medical procedure. ( E.g., injections, blood test, injury )
Other Type: Fear cued from other stimuli. ( E.g., falling down, loud sounds )
Desensitization can cue about 75% of specific phobias.